Difference between revisions of "DomU Install with Virt-Manager"
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Revision as of 11:34, 8 November 2011
Installing new Xen guests using graphical virt-manager GUI
Virt-manager is not part of Xen, but it's developed by Redhat and included in Fedora, and it can be used to manage Xen hypervisor, among others. Before trying to install new guests using virt-manager make sure you have installed virt-manager and its related packages.
This tutorial was done using a Fedora 13 host. However, it should work fine for later Fedora releases.
We're going to use LVM volumes to store the Xen guest virtual disks. In this example we're going to install CentOS 5.5 x86 (32bit) Xen PV guest.
First verify the name of your LVM volume group. The LVM volume group was set up during Fedora 13 (Xen dom0 host) installation.
[root@f13 ~]# vgdisplay --- Volume group --- VG Name vg_f13 System ID Format lvm2 Metadata Areas 1 Metadata Sequence No 4 VG Access read/write VG Status resizable MAX LV 0 Cur LV 3 Open LV 2 Max PV 0 Cur PV 1 Act PV 1 VG Size 463.75 GiB PE Size 32.00 MiB Total PE 14840 Alloc PE / Size 2944 / 92.00 GiB Free PE / Size 11896 / 371.75 GiB VG UUID 5dsak7-VN89-zMFT-9ZiU-XGhY-s5is-u1vCUw
In this example the LVM volume group is called "vg_f13" and it has 371.75 GB of free space in it.
Now let's create a new LVM volume to store the virtual machine virtual disk. Size of the new LVM volume will be 20 GB:
[root@f13 ~]# lvcreate -ncentos55 -L20G /dev/vg_f13 Logical volume "centos55" created
Verify the newly created LVM volume:
[root@f13 ~]# lvdisplay /dev/vg_f13/centos55 --- Logical volume --- LV Name /dev/vg_f13/centos55 VG Name vg_f13 LV UUID dP41hL-B0MI-Fy4R-ScCI-0w7K-2cfV-ruJRG2 LV Write Access read/write LV Status available # open 0 LV Size 20.00 GiB Current LE 640 Segments 1 Allocation inherit Read ahead sectors auto - currently set to 256 Block device 253:2
Then let's start the graphical virt-manager. First make sure your ssh X11 forwarding is working properly.
[root@f13 ~]# virt-manager &  2126
And then virt-manager window will show up on your graphical desktop.
Start the installation from virt-manager:
- Right-click "localhost (Xen)"
- Choose "New"
- Enter the name for the guest: centos55
- Choose: "Network install (HTTP, FTP, or NFS)"
- Enter the CentOS mirror URL: http://ftp.funet.fi/pub/mirrors/centos.org/5.5/os/i386/
- Click Forward
- Accept the default values for RAM and VCPUs (512 MB and 1 vcpu) and click Forward.
- Choose "Select managed or other existing storage"
- Enter the path to the LVM volume to the text field or choose browse: /dev/vg_f13/centos55
- click Forward
- Choose/open "Advanced options"
- Change "Architecture" to "i686" as we're installing 32bit PAE guest VM.
- Make sure the Network selection has "Virtual network 'default': NAT" selected (it is as a default).
- Virt-type should be "xen (paravirt)"
- Click Finish.
- "Creating virtual machine" window opens, and virt-manager fetches the kernel/initrd from the mirror site.
- New window opens with the guest VM console in it, and the CentOS5 installer starts.
- Choose "dhcp" for IPv4 networking and you'll get private IP from the dnsmasq service running in dom0. Network connections from the guest VM will be NATed to the internet.
CentOS 5 installer starts in the text mode and asks for the language, keyboard and network settings:
When the CentOS5 installer is running you can verify the networking by checking the bridge status:
[root@f13 ~]# xm list Name ID Mem VCPUs State Time(s) Domain-0 0 1017 4 r----- 267.8 centos55 1 512 1 -b---- 17.9 [root@f13 ~]# brctl show bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces virbr0 8000.feffffffffff yes vif1.0
Here you can see the guest called "centos55" has ID 1. Interface "vif1.0" (the first network interface of the guest with ID 1) is attached to the bridge "virbr0" - the bridge that dnsmasq is serving and providing DHCP server and NAT service.
You can verify the private NAT IP assigned to the "centos55" guest VM from "/var/log/messages":
[root@f13 ~]# grep dnsmasq-dhcp /var/log/messages Sep 4 23:28:05 f13 dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCP, IP range 192.168.122.2 -- 192.168.122.254, lease time 1h Sep 4 23:59:44 f13 dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPDISCOVER(virbr0) 00:16:36:d4:07:b7 Sep 4 23:59:44 f13 dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPOFFER(virbr0) 192.168.122.144 00:16:36:d4:07:b7 Sep 4 23:59:44 f13 dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPREQUEST(virbr0) 192.168.122.144 00:16:36:d4:07:b7 Sep 4 23:59:44 f13 dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPACK(virbr0) 192.168.122.144 00:16:36:d4:07:b7
When the installer is finished downloading files from the mirror site it'll start the graphical phase of the installation:
Install CentOS 5 as usual.