Managing Xen Patches with StGit
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How To Generate and Submit a Patch to Xen using StGit
Xen uses Git for its source code management. The current Xen Project Hypervisor development tree is at http://xenbits.xen.org/gitweb/?p=xen.git;a=summary. Git provides excellent documentation, please read it if this is your first time using Git. Download and install git to your system. Trees of other teams are listed on each teams website (typically in a highlighted box on the right of each page called <Project Name> Resources or <Project Name> Code) or our gitweb instance.
Recommended git extensions
To be able to manage patches better I recommend StGit, which is an application that runs on top of git and provides a functionality similar to Mercurial PatchQueue extension. This tutorial will show how to manage branches with git and StGit, so before proceeding please make sure that StGit is installed.
Generating a patch series
Here's a recommendation on how to send patches, as suggested by the Xen maintainers. This guide primarily explains how to use StGit: for a complete description of conventions related to sending patches, see Submitting Xen Project Patches.
The first thing to do is cloning the xen git repository:
git clone git://xenbits.xen.org/xen.git
This will create a new folder, called xen, where you will work on your patches. We are going to create a branch for each series of patches that we are going to work on. This will allow a developer to work on several patch series at the same time, keeping the patches contained and well classified. Now we will create a new branch on top of the default branch, which is called "master".
stg branch -c my_new_feature
You are now working on a different branch, you can switch back to the "master" branch at any time by using:
stg branch master
Now that we are on the branch we wish to use to develop feature X we will start creating patches. The first thing to do is creating a new patch, StGit will ask for a description of the patch, but if unsure you can leave it blank and fill it later.
stg new first_patch_in_the_series
Here is an example of a simple description:
foobar: Add a new trondle calls Add a some new trondle calls to the foobar interface to support the new zot feature. Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <email@example.com>
The first line in the description will be used as the subject when the patch is sent to the mailing list, so please make sure it contains an accurate description about what the patch is expected to introduce. It should be followed by a more accurate description and finally a "Signed-off-by".
Now you can starting modifying the code, all your changes will be contained inside this patch. When finished, you will have to refresh the patch, and create a new one on top if desired.
stg refresh stg new second_patch_in_the_series
If you want to modify the description of a patch, you should use the edit command:
stg edit first_patch_in_the_series
Sending a patch to xen-devel@
You can find instructions on how to send patches in our Patch Submission Guide.
If you are working on a big or controversial patch series, it is very likely that you will have to submit several versions of them, and you will need to rebase your code to match the changes that will be committed to the repository between each revision of your series. You can do that easily with stg rebase. The first step is to update the "master" branch of your repository.
stg branch master git pull
After that you will need to find the commit ID you want to rebase your series on top of, this can be done using git log. Once you have the commit ID, switch to the branch with your patches and execute:
stg rebase <commit-id>
This will pop all your patches, move the branch to the commit specified and then push your patches again. There's a chance that your patches don't apply cleanly on top of this commit, if this is the case stg will complain loudly, and you will have to manually edit the conflicting file. After editing the file, you can add it to your repository again and continue with the rebase:
git add <conflicting/file> stg refresh stg push
stg rebase is really useful, because it allows you to rebase your series on top of any commit, as an example, you can rebase one of your series on top of another, or rebase a series on top of staging changes.