Difference between revisions of "Virtio On Xen"

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Revision as of 11:43, 25 February 2013

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Virtio on Xen

The Virtio on Xen .project is a project for Google Summer of Code 2011. It's still working in progress. But fortunately, we have a working prototype. This page is intended to guide people who might be interested in giving it a try.


Virtio for HVM guest

In fact, there is nothing much to do.

  • With this patch, we can enable libxl to support configuration for Virtio disk and nic.
    • For disk configuration syntax, use 'vd*' as virtual identifier, see docs/misc/vbd-interface.txt for details.
    • For nic configuration syntax, use 'model=virtio' in vif configuration. Latest QEMU may require 'model=virtio-net'. Just choose the one that works.
  • Disable MSI in guest kernel, with 'pci=nomsi' option in guest kernel command line. Currently, MSI delivery is not supported by HVM guest (though Xen has one HVMOP to do this, QEMU is not yet ready for this).
  • Also you might want to add 'xen_emul_unplug=never' in the guest kernel command line.

Use 'xl' to start the guest, not 'xm'.

Virtio for PV guest

First of all, you need the patch in the previous section to enable libxl to support configuration syntax for Virtio disk and nic.

Then apply the following patches to upstream QEMU and Linux kernel.

Run 'xl' to startup VM, 'xm' doesn't understand virtio configuration. After the VM is up, load modified virtio_ring.ko and all the other modules manually in the following order:

  1. virtio.ko
  2. virtio_ring.ko
  3. virtio_net.ko
  4. virtio_blk.ko
  5. virtio_xenbus.ko

Hopefully you will get Virtio devices without much trouble.


  • Enable xen-mapcache for Virtio for PV, improve performance.
  • Squash two evtchns into one, hopefully we can eliminate locking in transport layer and improve performance.
  • Enable Virtio device DMA capability
  • Bug fixes, transport layer crashes sometimes under heavy workload.

Related References

For those who encounter problems, please contact Wei Liu <liuw AT liuw SPAMFREE dot name> [{Category:Project]]